Readable yet also very detailed. Most natural seedlings of sandal are found growing in the middle of thorny bushes, where the birds have dropped the seeds.
Artificial propagation is easily done by directly dibbling freshly collected ripe seeds in worked up soil patches, with the onset of the monsoon, in the middle of the nurse bushes or in protected patches.
Fresh seed has a dormancy period of 2 months. Manual scarification or gibberellic acid can break this. Lantana camara, commonly found growing in scrub forests in areas suitable for sandal, acts as a good nurse to the seedlings in the early stages.
Planting of container-raised seedlings or branch cuttings is also successful; trees are raised with a host plant, for example Cajanus cajan, Senna siamea, Terminalia, Lagerstroemia, Anogeissus, Dalbergia, Pongamia, Albizia and Geranium single leaf propagation species.
Singles melkweg can be sown in polythene bags along with the sandal seeds and watering is once a day.
Sandal seedlings attain a height of 15 - 20 cm by planting time and are planted out in the field along with the host plant. Seedling growth is rapid with 20 - 30 cm obtained at the end of the 1st year and cm at the end of the 2nd year.
Root suckers are produced when roots are exposed or injured. The nursery phase to raise sturdy 30 cm plants is usually 8 months. Primary host species are grown alongside the seedlings in each pot.
Direct sowing in the fields is used in some situations. Secondary host species should be well established on the planting site before planting. Acacia, Casuarina, Paraserianthes geranium single leaf propagation Sesbania spp are amongst a wide range of successful hosts[.